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Alentejo

Alentejo is one of the largest wine regions of Portugal, with about 22,000 hectares, ten percent of the total wine growing in Portugal. Hot and dry region of the south, is dominated by vast plains of poor soils. The many hours of sunshine and high temperatures in summer allow perfect ripening of the grapes, but also require irrigation of vineyards.
The vine cultivation in the region dates back to the Roman presence, after the founding of Beja, between 31 and 27 B.C.

 The traditional winemaking region is heir of the  Roman processes, such as fermentation in large jars made of clay.

In the 1980s Alentejo was the scene of extensive modernization on wine production, with numerous investments, new producers and cooperatives, resulting in the official demarcation of the region in 1988 and the international recognition of Alentejo wines.
In Alentejo wines punctuate the Trincadeira, Aragonez Castelão and Alicante Bouschet, resulting in full-bodied wines, rich in tannins and aromas of wild berries. The white varieties are Roupeiro,  Antao Vaz and Arinto, resulting in generally mild white wines, with aromas of tropical fruits.
The Region is divided into eight sub-regions in which DOC wines are produced: Reguengos, Borba, Redondo, Vidigueira, Évora, Granja-Amareleja, Portalegre and Moura. It also presents a high production of  Regional Wine, which allows the inclusion of other grape varieties, such as Touriga Nacional, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah or Chardonnay.
It is currently the fastest growing region of Portugal. Between February 2008 and January 2009 the wines of Alentejo, with Controlled Denomination of Origin (DOC) and Regional Wine, reached a market share of 44.30 per cent in value and 40 percent by volume