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Nature and the Douro

The Douro Heritage

The Douro is located in northern Portugal, protected from the wet winds from the Atlantic Ocean by the Marão and Montemuro ranges, surrounded to the North by Trás-os-Montes, to the west by Minho and Douro Litoral and to the east by the Spanish Regions of Castile and León.

The Douro region extends for 250 000 ha today, but the vine only occupies 40 000 ha in deep basins and it comprehends Douro and its tributaries: Tâmega, Corgo, Torto, Pinhão, Tua, Coa, among others. Each one of these with varied climatic expressions, but always presenting cold winters and hot dry summers.

Douros Natural Scenery

This natural area attached along Douro and Águeda riversides, stretches for over 120 km in length, covering 4 municipal regions: Miranda do Douro, Mogadouro, Freixo de Espada à Cinta and Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo.

The importance of wildlife in this natural area, which includes Arribes del Duero National Park, is unquestionable, especially regarding to large birds of prey and the black stork.

 The steep slopes of this area provide the necessary tranquility to accommodate the numerous birds that breed here, as the Griffon, the Egyptian vulture, symbol of  Douro?s International Natural Park, the Royal eagle, the Bonelli's eagle and the black stork.

Fauna and flora of the Douro

Important populations of mammals can also be found in this park: the wolf, roe deer, wild boar, otter, fox, and others.

Forests of multiple mediterranean oak varieties (Quercus rotundifolia, Quercus suber and Quercus pyrenaica) and junipers (Juniperus oxycedrus) are the most representative.

Bushy communities of rockroses, gorse, lavender and heather, along with the hydrophilic forest of willows and alders, contribute to the balance of this area.